Ebola Virus Outbreak Response: Lessons Learned?

3 years 3 months ago - 3 years 3 months ago #108 by jrgraham@uvic.ca

The Ebola Epidemic: Lessons Learned Thus Far?

As of November 7th, the World Health Organization (WHO) has reported 13,268 cases of Ebola virus disease (EVD) and 4,960 deaths due to the EVD epidemic in West Africa (2014a). While cases and deaths have occurred in eight countries, nearly 100% have been from Liberia (50%), Sierra Leone (37%) and Guinea (13%). The first WHO report of the outbreak was published in March 2014, and in August the epidemic was declared an international public health emergency (2014). Given its size, the epidemic has triggered global, national and localized responses (Sanchez, 2014). These multi-faceted responses include quarantine, contact tracing, mass communications (incl. travel advisories), public education, heightened surveillance, as well as mobilization of additional workers and resources.

Internationally, the WHO’s Ebola Response Roadmap now guides the work of its staff, as well as staff and volunteers from organizations such as Médecins sans Frontières and the US Agency for International Development (2014b). However, this response has been criticized for being “far too late,” and that early WHO efforts were “compromising rather than aiding” the spread of EVD (Sanchez, 2014). Others claim the WHO’s response has been jeopardized because its Regional Office in Africa is “not competent” due to many senior appointments being “politically motivated” rather than merit based (Cheng, 2014).

There has also been criticism of local responses. This includes condemnation of the 21-day quarantine imposed on American EVD healthcare workers in the states of New York and New Jersey (Drazen et al., 2014). In an editorial, Drazen and colleagues claim this forced quarantine was “more destructive than beneficial” and will scare the “tens of thousands of additional volunteers [needed] to control the epidemic” (2014, p.1).

Share your opinion: [/b]
  • How effective do you think international and local responses have been at controlling the spread of EVD?

  • What are some lessons learned from these global EVD responses thus far?

  • Cheng, M. (2014). Ebola outbreak: WHO admits it botched early attempt to stop disease. CBC News: World. Available at: www.cbc.ca/news/world/ebola-outbreak-who...op-disease-1.2802432
  • Drazen, J. M., Kanapathipillai, R., Campion, E. W., Rubin, E. J., Hammer, S. M., Morrissey, S., & Baden, L. R. (2014). Ebola and Quarantine. New England Journal of Medicine.
  • Sanchez, R. (2014). WHO to review Ebola response amid criticism of its efforts. CNN World. Available at: www.cnn.com/2014/10/18/world/who-ebola-response
  • World Health Organization. (2014a). Ebola response roadmap situation report update: November 7, 2014. Available at: apps.who.int/iris/bitstream/10665/137592...rep_7Nov2014_eng.pdf
  • World Health Organization. (2014b). Ebola response roadmap (version 14.1). Available at: apps.who.int/iris/bitstream/10665/131596...onseRoadmap.pdf?ua=1

Last Edit: 3 years 3 months ago by Adebayo_Gbenga.

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3 years 3 months ago #114 by xianglongxu

I think we should fully mobilize the forces of the government, social organizations and individuals to do work.In the face of a global public health emergencies, how to efficient cooperation among the relevant countries?This is very important.

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